Welcome!

DevOps Journal Authors: Pat Romanski, Trevor Parsons, Carmen Gonzalez, Elizabeth White, Yeshim Deniz

Related Topics: Cloud Expo, SOA & WOA, Open Source, Security, Big Data Journal, SDN Journal

Cloud Expo: Article

Consolidating the Variables: Augment Existing Identity Management Systems

Using cloud security to expand on-premise investments

The modern enterprise is a fluid entity. As an IT construct it expands and contracts (sometimes simultaneously), and many of the moving parts (like users and applications) are themselves evolving and changing. This creates unique challenges in operational efficiencies, core competency support, compliance observance and risk management.  The central theme to all these challenges is establishing and maintaining control of applications which serve as gateways to all the valuable data (personal, trade secrets and other IP) on which an enterprise exists. Many companies have turned to an identity management solution which administrate and validate the digital identities of authorized users.

This is not a new concept, nor is it a foreign practice to many established enterprises. Identity management combined with controlled and channeled access is a recognized best practice and regulatory compliance necessity. Many companies have invested in some sort of authoritative identity repository and management system.  The rising issue is that in order to keep up with the quickly changing landscape of SaaS, cloud and web –based apps, that investment becomes costlier and the ability to agilely address identity validation and authentication becomes less responsive.

Unless you leverage the cloud to augment existing systems.

Let’s assume an enterprise has made a serious investment in a solution like IBM Tivoli or Oracle Identity Manager.  Both products have significant clout and enterprise functionality. It handles the identity creation, rules management, administration and provisioning for many of the legacy and on-premise products and internal systems. It's no secret that these enterprise monoliths are expensive to purchase, deploy and continuously maintain. So, when examining the scope of applications available to users, several are left unsecured because of the cost and resource drain to incorporate them into IDM fold.  Layered on this is the need to authenticate and authorize users outside of an enterprise’s direct control. This includes 3rd party suppliers, vendors and even customers; all who need access to slivers of data contained in specific applications.

The costs to expand the on-premise authentication scope are broader and deeper than simply adding the subscription price of a SaaS solution. There is the licensing of the adapter (or connector) to allow the data of the SaaS to securely flow between the application and the IDM solution via Active Directory (or other repository source). There is support and maintenance (usually 20% of the purchase price paid annually). There are the professional services to install and configure the connectors. There is the cost of development, time-to-market gaps, and the added burden of doing this multiple times for each SaaS and web-based application.

Yet, by deploying a complimentary IDaaS (identity-as-a-service) strategy, all of the above costs, services and deployment difficulties are considerably reduced or eliminated, while still promoting the necessary security gravitas to assert control, streamline workflow and optimize IT resources. As part of the IDaaS arsenal, most of the popular federated connectors are already available out of the box. IDaaS managed from the cloud also extends its scope to those Non-SAML based application (web-based) through an identity gateway. So, no development costs, no additional licenses, and professional services shrink to a minimum. By creating this umbrella over your virtual footprint, the ability to automatically provision and deprovision user accounts extends to these new applications as seamlessly as if they were parked on-premise. Additionally, creating a parallel-yet-integrated identity manager allows for seamless integration with single sign on. This unique cloud-controlled advantage enforces corporate access policy decisions across the enterprise and puts IT back in control of the IT landscape. It eliminates the potential for Shadow IT applications, BYOD abuse and enables better productivity.

The notion is not to reinvent the wheel, but to expand the metaphor, change out the tires for all-terrain use.  If an organization has spent millions to create a viable identity management system, it is unlikely they will abandon the project to put the entire administration and management in the cloud. However, it is prudent to create a cost-effective, enterprise grade equivalent to integrate new applications, multiple data stores and “outside,” users accounts into a secure and controlled environment. In short, it consolidates the variables into a manageable, automated and centralized strategy without incurring additional resources and runaway costs.

Some call this a hybrid strategy. Regardless of the label, a strategy that extends your capability to authenticate, attest and authorize user names, passwords and permissions beyond your firewall will only strengthen you defense against breach, unwanted usage and data leakage from insider threats. In that it can be done with minimal disturbance and without deep pocket spending makes this all the more attractive and practical.

The automations inherent in IDaaS also facilitates stronger compliance…especially when it comes to monitoring the SaaS and web applications. Instead of an infrequent review of logs real time reports can be instantaneously generated to see exactly who accessed what application. But the cornerstone of compliance is to monitor if any changes were made, especially to access protocols (passwords, user names etc…). IDaaS can note in real time when any attribute changes, who made the change and who approved the change. This is a standard compliance audit requirement.

The proliferation of SaaS and web-based applications has changed the security quotient. Leaving these applications partially secured still leaves them partially unsecured. IDaaS allow you to close those vulnerability gaps. Despite best efforts, network perimeters have all but disappeared. All too often, because of multiple data stores and the virtual left hand does not know what the right is doing.

As noted earlier, your IT environment continues to expand and contract. Just consider the lifecycle of the different users that need to access different applications. New hires, promotions, demotions, firings, new partners, new customers, latent customers-- each instance requires some modification to their identity rights.  Does Chuck, who used to be in your accounting department still have his active user credentials? Has Rachel who hasn’t ordered from your site in 3 years had her account retired? How easy would it be for Chuck, Rachel or some nefarious account takeover hacker using their stolen credentials to create significant havoc on your network? It’s a significant task and greater responsibility to find each data store they have been given access and deprovision, However,  IDaaS can turn off or modify any user account instantly-both in the cloud and through on-premise systems through its connection to Active Directory (or LDAP, AS/400, MySQL, Solaris, RedHat, etc…).

Now multiply the above scenario by 500 or 5000 users a day for a modest enterprise when creating users, resetting passwords and permission sets and you begin to recognize the significant advantages and efficiencies a centralized and augmented with the cloud identity rights management and access control system provide. And the larger the organization, the more complex these data islands are to resolve.

Stronger forms of authentication and authorization need to be deployed in response to the growing threats.  Using an IDaaS and SSO combination from the cloud is a proactive step towards consolidating all the variables and cost-effectively strengthening your identity defenses.

Kevin Nikkhoo
www.cloudaccess.com

More Stories By Kevin Nikkhoo

With more than 32 years of experience in information technology, and an extensive and successful entrepreneurial background, Kevin Nikkhoo is the CEO of the dynamic security-as-a-service startup Cloud Access. CloudAccess is at the forefront of the latest evolution of IT asset protection--the cloud.

Kevin holds a Bachelor of Science in Computer Engineering from McGill University, Master of Computer Engineering at California State University, Los Angeles, and an MBA from the University of Southern California with emphasis in entrepreneurial studies.

@DevOpsSummit Stories
“DevOps is really about the business. The business is under pressure today, competitively in the marketplace to respond to the expectations of the customer. The business is driving IT and the problem is that IT isn't responding fast enough," explained Mark Levy, Senior Product Marketing Manager at Serena Software, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at DevOps Summit, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
We are all here because we are sold on the transformative promise of The Cloud. But what good is all of this ephemeral, on-demand infrastructure if your usage doesn't actually improve the agility and speed of your business? How must Operations adapt in order to avoid stifling your Cloud initiative? In his session at DevOps Summit, Damon Edwards, co-founder and managing partner of the DTO Solutions, will highlight the successful organizational, process, and tooling patterns of high-performing companies that have reshaped their Operations to enable the business to get full value from their Clo...
“We help people build clusters, in the classical sense of the cluster. We help people put a full stack on top of every single one of those machines. We do the full bare metal install," explained Greg Bruno, Vice President of Engineering and co-founder of StackIQ, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 15th Cloud Expo, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
AppDynamics, the application intelligence leader for software-defined businesses, announced the general availability of the AppDynamics Fall '14 Release. Serving the combined needs of IT and business teams across the enterprise, the latest release provides a comprehensive view across all aspects of digital performance in ultra large scale deployments. AppDynamics delivers Application Intelligence by building out advanced capabilities across the key areas of analytics, unified monitoring and DevOps. The Fall '14 Release of the AppDynamics Application Intelligence platform introduces: powe...
CloudBees, Inc., has announced a $23.5 million financing round, led by longtime CloudBees investor Lightspeed Venture Partners. Existing investors Matrix Partners, Verizon Ventures and Blue Cloud Ventures also participated in the round. The latest funding announcement follows earlier rounds of $4 million, $10.5 million and $10.8 million, bringing the total investment in CloudBees to just under $50 million since the company’s inception in 2010. Previous venture investment rounds were led by Matrix Partners, Lightspeed Venture Partners, Verizon Ventures with participation from Blue Cloud Vent...
Cloud computing started a technology revolution; now DevOps is driving that revolution forward. By enabling new approaches to service delivery, cloud and DevOps together are delivering even greater speed, agility, and efficiency. No wonder leading innovators are adopting DevOps and cloud together! In his session at DevOps Summit, Andi Mann, Vice President of Strategic Solutions at CA Technologies, explored the synergies in these two approaches, with practical tips, techniques, research data, war stories, case studies, and recommendations on how to: Embrace, source, consume, and expose shared...
DevOps means different things to different people. Qubell defines DevOps as the ability for the developer teams to do what they need to do to have this level of self-service. At DevOps Summit, Stan Klimoff, CTO of Qubell, demos the enterprise DevOps platform.
The term culture has had a polarizing effect among DevOps supporters. Some propose that culture change is critical for success with DevOps, but are remiss to define culture. Some talk about a DevOps culture but then reference activities that could lead to culture change and there are those that talk about culture change as a set of behaviors that need to be adopted by those in IT. There is no question that businesses successful in adopting a DevOps mindset have seen departmental culture change, the question remains, is culture the leading edge of this change? I posit that in large enterprises,...
CA Technologies released a new study – “DevOps: The Worst-Kept Secret to Winning in the Application Economy” – that reveals that 82% of enterprises in Asia Pacific and Japan (APJ) already have or plan to adopt a DevOps strategy, a 12 point increase from last year’s figure of 70%. DevOps is a methodology which helps foster collaboration between the teams that create and test applications (Dev) with those that maintain them in production environments (Ops). Vanson Bourne conducted the survey with 1,425 senior IT and business leaders worldwide, including 650 respondents from six APJ countries: A...
"Our premise is Docker is not enough. That's not a bad thing - we actually love Docker. At ActiveState all our products are based on open source technology and Docker is an up-and-coming piece of open source technology," explained Bart Copeland, President & CEO of ActiveState Software, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at DevOps Summit at Cloud Expo®, held Nov 4-6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.

ARMONK, N.Y., Nov. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ --  IBM (NYSE: IBM) today announced that it is bringing a greater level of control, security and flexibility to cloud-based application development and delivery with a single-tenant version of Bluemix, IBM's platform-as-a-service. The new platform enables developers to build ap...

The move in recent years to cloud computing services and architectures has added significant pace to the application development and deployment environment. When enterprise IT can spin up large computing instances in just minutes, developers can also design and deploy in small time frames that were unimaginable a few years ago. The consequent move toward lean, agile, and fast development leads to the need for the development and operations sides to work very closely together. Thus, DevOps becomes essential for any ambitious enterprise today.
“The year of the cloud – we have no idea when it's really happening but we think it's happening now. For those technology providers like Zentera that are helping enterprises move to the cloud - it's been fun to watch," noted Mike Loftus, VP Product Management and Marketing at Zentera Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at Cloud Expo, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Enthusiasm for the Internet of Things has reached an all-time high. In 2013 alone, venture capitalists spent more than $1 billion dollars investing in the IoT space. With "smart" appliances and devices, IoT covers wearable smart devices, cloud services to hardware companies. Nest, a Google company, detects temperatures inside homes and automatically adjusts it by tracking its user's habit. These technologies are quickly developing and with it come challenges such as bridging infrastructure gaps, abiding by privacy concerns and making the concept a reality. These challenges can't be addressed w...
"Application monitoring and intelligence can smooth the path in a DevOps environment. In a DevOps environment you see constant change. If you are trying to monitor things in a constantly changing environment, you're going to spend a lot of your job fixing your monitoring," explained Todd Rader, Solutions Architect at AppDynamics, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at DevOps Summit, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
“We are strong believers in the DevOps movement and our staff has been doing DevOps for large enterprise environments for a number of years. The solution that we build is intended to allow DevOps teams to do security at the speed of DevOps," explained Justin Lundy, Founder & CTO of Evident.io, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at DevOps Summit, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
High-performing enterprise Software Quality Assurance (SQA) teams validate systems that are ready for use - getting most actively involved as components integrate and form complete systems. These teams catch and report on defects, making sure the customer gets the best software possible. SQA teams have leveraged automation and virtualization to execute more thorough testing in less time - bringing Dev and Ops together, ensuring production readiness. Does the emergence of DevOps mean the end of Enterprise SQA? Does the SQA function become redundant? In her session at DevOps Summit, Anne Hungat...
Docker offers a new, lightweight approach to application portability. Applications are shipped using a common container format and managed with a high-level API. Their processes run within isolated namespaces that abstract the operating environment independently of the distribution, versions, network setup, and other details of this environment. This "containerization" has often been nicknamed "the new virtualization." But containers are more than lightweight virtual machines. Beyond their smaller footprint, shorter boot times, and higher consolidation factors, they also bring a lot of new fea...
Between the compelling mockups and specs produced by your analysts and designers, and the resulting application built by your developers, there is a gulf where projects fail, costs spiral out of control, and applications fall short of requirements. In his session at DevOps Summit, Charles Kendrick, CTO and Chief Architect at Isomorphic Software, will present a new approach where business and development users collaborate – each using tools appropriate to their goals and expertise – to build mockups and enhance them all the way through functional prototypes, to final working applications. Lea...
15th Cloud Expo, which took place Nov. 4-6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, expanded the conference content of @ThingsExpo, Big Data Expo, and DevOps Summit to include two developer events. IBM held a Bluemix Developer Playground on November 5 and ElasticBox held a Hackathon on November 6. Both events took place on the expo floor. The Bluemix Developer Playground, for developers of all levels, highlighted the ease of use of Bluemix, its services and functionality and provide short-term introductory projects that developers can complete between sessions.
"ElasticBox is an enterprise company that makes it very easy for developers and IT ops to collaborate to develop, build and deploy applications on any cloud - private, public or hybrid," stated Monish Sharma, VP of Customer Success at ElasticBox, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at DevOps Summit, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Want to enable self-service provisioning of application environments in minutes that mirror production? Can you automatically provide rich data with code-level detail back to the developers when issues occur in production? In his session at DevOps Summit, David Tesar, Microsoft Technical Evangelist on Microsoft Azure and DevOps, will discuss how to accomplish this and more utilizing technologies such as Microsoft Azure, Visual Studio online, and Application Insights in this demo-heavy session.
The 4th International DevOps Summit, co-located with16th International Cloud Expo – being held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY – announces that its Call for Papers is now open. Born out of proven success in agile development, cloud computing, and process automation, DevOps is a macro trend you cannot afford to miss. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the world's largest enterprises – and delivering real results. Among the proven benefits, DevOps is correlated with 2...
"Blue Box has been around for 10-11 years, and last year we launched Blue Box Cloud. We like the term 'Private Cloud as a Service' because we think that embodies what we are launching as a product - it's a managed hosted private cloud," explained Giles Frith, Vice President of Customer Operations at Blue Box, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at DevOps Summit, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
SYS-CON Media announced that Splunk, a provider of the leading software platform for real-time Operational Intelligence, has launched an ad campaign on Big Data Journal. Splunk software and cloud services enable organizations to search, monitor, analyze and visualize machine-generated big data coming from websites, applications, servers, networks, sensors and mobile devices. The ads focus on delivering ROI - how improved uptime delivered $6M in annual ROI, improving customer operations by mining large volumes of unstructured data, and how data tracking delivers uptime when it matters most.