Welcome!

@DevOpsSummit Authors: Carmen Gonzalez, Yeshim Deniz, Mehdi Daoudi, Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White

Related Topics: @DevOpsSummit, Open Source Cloud, Containers Expo Blog

@DevOpsSummit: Blog Post

Research Findings: App Performance and Monitoring | @DevOpsSummit #APM #Agile #DevOps

594 IT professionals responded to DZone’s 2016 Performance and Monitoring survey

After surveying nearly 600 IT professionals for our latest Performance & Monitoring research guide, we found some very interesting takeaways and data points. Here is a breakdown of the demographics of those who responded:

  • The top three industries in which the survey takers work are Software Vendors (22%), Finance/ Banking (14%), and E-Commerce/Internet (9%)
  • The primary roles included Developer Team Leads (39%) and Development/Engineering roles (36%)
  • 26% work at a company with more than 500 people; 22% work where there are more than 10,000 employees
  • 41% of respondents work at companies whose headquarters are located in Europe; 32% in the USA
  • Respondents have years of experience as IT professionals, with 51% having over 15 years' experience

Here are the key research findings:

Software and Infrastructure Still Have Frequent Performance Problems
When asked about the last time they solved a performance problem in their software, most respondents (26%) answered that they had done so "this week," which was a similar result compared to 2015's survey. The second most popular answer this year was "in the last 3 months" at 23%, followed by "in the last two weeks" at 17%. All in all, 81% of respondents answered "in the last 3 months" or less, showing that software still has frequent performance problems that developers need to address. Application code (43%) remains the area of the technology stack that tends to have the highest frequency of performance issues, while malware remains the one with little to no issues, where 61% of respondents had either very few issues or none at all.

Respondents were also asked to note the last time they had to solve a performance problem in their infrastructure, and the majority (21%) said "in the last three months" followed by "this month" at 17%, and "this week" at 14%. Compared to 2015's survey results, where the most respondents (19%) noted "over a year ago" as the last time they worked on infrastructure performance problems, there is a clear shift to having more frequent performance problems that require immediate attention.

Databases Pose a Challenge; Finding the Root Cause Remains an Issue
There was another shift this year in the technology stack that tends to have the hardest-to-fix performance issues. In 2015, networks (now in 4th in 2016 at 46%) had the most challenging performance issues to fix, whereas this year 51% of the respondents noted that database performance issues were the toughest to fix. The survey takers also listed workload (49%) and application code (47%) as having hard-to-fix performance issues. In contrast, 32% of respondents said that failing/old hardware was the easiest to fix performance challenge, replacing last year's easiest issue to fix: malware.

As applications become more advanced, so do the causes of the issues. Over half (52%) of the survey takers said that finding the root cause of an issue remains the most time-consuming part of fixing a performance-related problem. There does not appear to be any improvement in optimizing this process, as it was also the most time-consuming component in 2015's survey. Another time-consuming aspect includes collecting and interpreting various metrics (36%). On the other end of the spectrum, the least time-consuming component of fixing a performance-related issue remains communication/managing people.

Even though finding the root cause of a problem is the most time consuming component of fixing a performance related issue, the majority (54%) of respondents noted that it takes an average of less than a week for their team to solve a performance related problem. These problems-particularly encountering database related problems such as slow database queries (33%), and too many database queries (27%)-were, on average, encountered on a monthly basis. On the opposite end, 46% of the respondents said they rarely remain in the dark about the root cause of an issue.

Monitoring Tools and Application Logs Are Key
As a whole, respondents said that monitoring tools (32%) discovered the most performance issues. If systems are being monitored and reviewed consistently, then they tend to catch more performance issues than any of the other tools. Those who do not rely on monitoring tools run performance tests to discover performance issues, with 22% of respondents favoring this. Only 8% of the survey takers credited dumb luck for discovering performance issues.

Much like 2015, this year's respondents also favored application logs, as 89% of them said that these were one of the main tools their teams use to find the root cause of a performance problem. The second most commonly used tool for finding the root cause of a performance issue are database logs, with 68% of respondents relying on them. Monitoring, logging, and tests are three of the key components used to help discover problems early enough to fix them before they begin to negatively affect an application's performance.

Simultaneous User Loads Vary for Apps, Few Servers Are Used, and Parallel Execution Is an Afterthought
The answers were pretty evenly split amongst the options when the survey takers were asked what the max simultaneous user load is for the main application their team works on. The majority - only 17% -  said they use 1,001 - 5,000; 13% use 101 - 500; and 12% use 21 - 100. When asked how many servers they use at their organizations, 38% of the respondents said they use fewer than 20 (this included IaaS and on-premises servers).

Over half (57%) of the developers surveyed do not regularly design their programs for parallel execution. When asked which parallel programming frameworks, standards, and APIs they use, 47% said they often used Executor Service (Java), while 33% occasionally use ForkJoin (Java) and 29% occasionally use Web Workers (JavaScript). As for parallel algorithm design techniques used, 63% most often use load balancing. 81% of respondents often use multithreading as their parallel programming model of choice. The respondents noted that they run into concurrency issues (race conditions, thread locks, mutual exclusion) only a few times a year.

Application Performance Is Still Secondary, Though Awareness of It Is Growing
The majority of respondents (56%- though down from 62% in 2015) said that they build their application functionality first, and then they worry about performance. More people this year have performance in mind from the start when building applications, as 41% said that they build performance into the application from the start, which is up from 35% in 2015.

When it comes to monitoring tools used within their organizations, respondents noted that they use many different tools, with 36% using Nagios, 22% LogStash, and 21% using their own custom/homegrown tools. Furthermore, organizations are comfortable with the tools they currently use-60% of respondents said that they are not looking to switch to a new performance monitoring tool within the next 6 months. They also mainly use free and open-source tools, with 56% of respondents preferring this.

Performance Management Is Moving in Aa Positive Direction
Although IT professionals have begun to put more emphasis on the importance of performance monitoring and testing, there are still some challenges that they face. The respondents said that the top challenge in IT infrastructure performance management (58%) is that the staff is spending too much time in firefighting and manual processes. The second biggest challenge, at 49%, is the lack of actionable insights to proactively solve issues. And the third biggest challenge, with 47% of respondents, was the rising cost and complexity of managing heterogeneous IT environments. With the increased and more streamlined use of performance monitoring tools, these challenges will be minimized.

Another component that can be adding to the abovementioned challenges is the separation of development and operations. According to the survey, 61% of respondents said that Dev and Ops have their metrics gathered in separate siloes. Though this is still the majority, this is down slightly from 64% in 2015. The more information is combined and shared amongst teams, the more streamlined performance management will be.

For the full research guide and other insights into performance and monitoring, please visit: https://dzone.com/guides/performance-and-monitoring.

More Stories By John Esposito

John Esposito is Editor-in-Chief at DZone, having recently finished a doctoral program in Classics from the University of North Carolina. In a previous life he was a VBA and Force.com developer, DBA, and network administrator. John enjoys playing piano and looking at diagrams, and raises two cats with his wife, Sarah.

@DevOpsSummit Stories
In his keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Sheng Liang, co-founder and CEO of Rancher Labs, discussed the technological advances and new business opportunities created by the rapid adoption of containers. With the success of Amazon Web Services (AWS) and various open source technologies used to build private clouds, cloud computing has become an essential component of IT strategy. However, users continue to face challenges in implementing clouds, as older technologies evolve and newer ones like Docker containers gain prominence. He explored these challenges and how to address them, while considering how containers will influence the direction of cloud computing.
20th Cloud Expo, taking place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy.
SYS-CON Events announced today that SoftLayer, an IBM Company, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. SoftLayer, an IBM Company, provides cloud infrastructure as a service from a growing number of data centers and network points of presence around the world. SoftLayer’s customers range from Web startups to global enterprises.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Hitachi, the leading provider the Internet of Things and Digital Transformation, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Hitachi Data Systems, a wholly owned subsidiary of Hitachi, Ltd., offers an integrated portfolio of services and solutions that enable digital transformation through enhanced data management, governance, mobility and analytics. We help global organizations open new revenue streams, increase efficiencies, improve customer experience and ensure rapid time to market in the digital age. Only Hitachi Data Systems powers the digital enterprise by integrating the best information technology and operational technology from across the Hitachi family of companies. We combine this experience with Hitachi expertise in the internet of things to d...
Cloud promises the agility required by today’s digital businesses. As organizations adopt cloud based infrastructures and services, their IT resources become increasingly dynamic and hybrid in nature. Managing these require modern IT operations and tools. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Raj Sundaram, Senior Principal Product Manager at CA Technologies, will discuss how to modernize your IT operations in order to proactively manage your hybrid cloud and IT environments. He will be sharing best practices around collaboration, monitoring, configuration and analytics that will help you boost experience and optimize utilization of your modern IT Infrastructures.
Quickly find the root cause of complex database problems slowing down your applications. Up to 88% of all application performance issues are related to the database. DPA’s unique response time analysis shows you exactly what needs fixing - in four clicks or less. Optimize performance anywhere. Database Performance Analyzer monitors on-premises, on VMware®, and in the Cloud, including Amazon® AWS and Azure™ virtual machines.
Did you know that you can develop for mainframes in Java? Or that the testing and deployment can be automated across mobile to mainframe? In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 20th Cloud Expo, Vaughn Marshall, Sr. Principal Product Owner at CA Technologies, will discuss and demo how increasingly teams are developing with agile methodologies using modern development environments and automating testing and deployments, mobile to mainframe.
The goal of Continuous Testing is to shift testing left to find defects earlier and release software faster. This can be achieved by integrating a set of open source functional and performance testing tools in the early stages of your software delivery lifecycle. There is one process that binds all application delivery stages together into one well-orchestrated machine: Continuous Testing. Continuous Testing is the conveyor belt between the Software Factory and production stages. Artifacts are moved from one stage to the next only after they have been tested and approved to continue. New code submitted to the repository is tested upon commit. When tests fail, the code is rejected. Subsystems are approved as part of periodic builds on their way to the delivery stage, where the system is being tested as production ready. The release process stops when tests fail. The key is to shift test ...
Five years ago development was seen as a dead-end career, now it’s anything but – with an explosion in mobile and IoT initiatives increasing the demand for skilled engineers. But apart from having a ready supply of great coders, what constitutes true ‘DevOps Royalty’? It’ll be the ability to craft resilient architectures, supportability, security everywhere across the software lifecycle. In his keynote at @DevOpsSummit at 20th Cloud Expo, Jeffrey Scheaffer, GM and SVP, Continuous Delivery Business Unit at CA Technologies, will share his vision about the true ‘DevOps Royalty’ and how it will take a new breed of digital cloud craftsman, architecting new platforms with a new set of tools to achieve it. He will also present a number of important insights and findings from a recent cloud and DevOps study – outlining the synergies high performance teams are exploiting to gain significant busin...
DevOps is often described as a combination of technology and culture. Without both, DevOps isn't complete. However, applying the culture to outdated technology is a recipe for disaster; as response times grow and connections between teams are delayed by technology, the culture will die. A Nutanix Enterprise Cloud has many benefits that provide the needed base for a true DevOps paradigm. In his Day 3 Keynote at 20th Cloud Expo, Chris Brown, a Solutions Marketing Manager at Nutanix, will explore the ways that Nutanix technologies empower teams to react faster than ever before and connect teams in ways that were either too complex or simply impossible with traditional infrastructures.
NHK, Japan Broadcasting, will feature the upcoming @ThingsExpo Silicon Valley in a special 'Internet of Things' and smart technology documentary that will be filmed on the expo floor between November 3 to 5, 2015, in Santa Clara. NHK is the sole public TV network in Japan equivalent to the BBC in the UK and the largest in Asia with many award-winning science and technology programs. Japanese TV is producing a documentary about IoT and Smart technology and will be covering @ThingsExpo Silicon Valley. The program, to be aired during the peak viewership season of the year, will have a major impact on the industry in Japan. The film's director is writing a scenario to fit in the story in the next few days will be turned in to the network.
DevOps is often described as a combination of technology and culture. Without both, DevOps isn't complete. However, applying the culture to outdated technology is a recipe for disaster; as response times grow and connections between teams are delayed by technology, the culture will die. A Nutanix Enterprise Cloud has many benefits that provide the needed base for a true DevOps paradigm.
SYS-CON Events announced today that CollabNet, a global leader in enterprise software development, release automation and DevOps solutions, will be a Bronze Sponsor of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, taking place from June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. CollabNet offers a broad range of solutions with the mission of helping modern organizations deliver quality software at speed. The company’s latest innovation, the DevOps Lifecycle Manager (DLM), supports Value Stream Mapping for the development and operations tool chain by offering DevOps Tool Chain Integration and Traceability; DevOps Tool Chain Orchestration; and DevOps Insight and Intelligence. CollabNet also offers traditional application lifecycle management, ALM, for the enterprise through its TeamForge product.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Hitachi, the leading provider the Internet of Things and Digital Transformation, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Hitachi Data Systems, a wholly owned subsidiary of Hitachi, Ltd., offers an integrated portfolio of services and solutions that enable digital transformation through enhanced data management, governance, mobility and analytics. We help global organizations open new revenue streams, increase efficiencies, improve customer experience and ensure rapid time to market in the digital age. Only Hitachi Data Systems powers the digital enterprise by integrating the best information technology and operational technology from across the Hitachi family of companies. We combine this experience with Hitachi expertise in the internet of things to d...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Super Micro Computer, Inc., a global leader in compute, storage and networking technologies, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Supermicro (NASDAQ: SMCI), the leading innovator in high-performance, high-efficiency server technology, is a premier provider of advanced server Building Block Solutions® for Data Center, Cloud Computing, Enterprise IT, Hadoop/Big Data, HPC and Embedded Systems worldwide. Supermicro is committed to protecting the environment through its “We Keep IT Green®” initiative and provides customers with the most energy-efficient, environmentally friendly solutions available on the market.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Juniper Networks (NYSE: JNPR), an industry leader in automated, scalable and secure networks, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Juniper Networks challenges the status quo with products, solutions and services that transform the economics of networking. The company co-innovates with customers and partners to deliver automated, scalable and secure networks with agility, performance and value.
Developers want to create better apps faster. Static clouds are giving way to scalable systems, with dynamic resource allocation and application monitoring. You won't hear that chant from users on any picket line, but helping developers to create better apps faster is the mission of Lee Atchison, principal cloud architect and advocate at New Relic Inc., based in San Francisco. His singular job is to understand and drive the industry in the areas of cloud architecture, microservices, scalability and availability. In a keynote presentation, he spoke to a standing-room-only crowd at New York's Cloud Expo about how highly available, highly scalable systems can help developers attain the goal of better apps faster.
SYS-CON Events announced today that T-Mobile will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. As America's Un-carrier, T-Mobile US, Inc., is redefining the way consumers and businesses buy wireless services through leading product and service innovation. The Company's advanced nationwide 4G LTE network delivers outstanding wireless experiences to 67.4 million customers who are unwilling to compromise on quality and value.
Everyone wants to use containers, but monitoring containers is hard. New ephemeral architecture introduces new challenges in how monitoring tools need to monitor and visualize containers, so your team can make sense of everything. In his session at @DevOpsSummit, David Gildeh, co-founder and CEO of Outlyer, will go through the challenges and show there is light at the end of the tunnel if you use the right tools and understand what you need to be monitoring to successfully use containers in your environments.
New competitors, disruptive technologies, and growing expectations are pushing every business to both adopt and deliver new digital services. This ‘Digital Transformation’ demands rapid delivery and continuous iteration of new competitive services via multiple channels, which in turn demands new service delivery techniques – including DevOps. In this power panel at @DevOpsSummit 20th Cloud Expo, moderated by DevOps Conference Co-Chair Andi Mann, panelists will examine how DevOps helps to meet the demands of Digital Transformation – including accelerating application delivery, closing feedback loops, enabling multi-channel delivery, empowering collaborative decisions, improving user experience, and ultimately meeting (and exceeding) business goals.
Grape Up is a software company, specialized in cloud native application development and professional services related to Cloud Foundry PaaS. With five expert teams that operate in various sectors of the market across the USA and Europe, we work with a variety of customers from emerging startups to Fortune 1000 companies.
@DevOpsSummit at Cloud taking place June 6-8, 2017, at Javits Center, New York City, is co-located with the 20th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long development cycles that produce software that is obsolete at launch. DevOps may be disruptive, but it is essential.
Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more business becomes digital the more stakeholders are interested in this data including how it relates to business. Some of these people have never used a monitoring tool before. They have a question on their mind like “How is my application doing” but no idea how to get a proper answer.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Interoute, owner-operator of one of Europe's largest networks and a global cloud services platform, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Interoute is the owner-operator of one of Europe's largest networks and a global cloud services platform which encompasses 12 data centers, 14 virtual data centers and 31 colocation centers, with connections to 195 additional third-party data centers across Europe. Its full-service Unified ICT platform serves international enterprises and many of the world’s leading service providers, as well as governments and universities.
Cloud Expo, Inc. has announced today that Aruna Ravichandran, vice president of DevOps Product and Solutions Marketing at CA Technologies, has been named co-conference chair of DevOps at Cloud Expo 2017. The @DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo New York will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, and @DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo Silicon Valley will take place Oct. 31-Nov. 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.